Taipei: 228 Peace Memorial Park
Located at the city downtown, the park is a great place to rest and to stroll on its grounds. The memorial park is dedicated to the victims of the February 28 incidents where dissidents seeking freedom from tyranny were persecuted and killed. This incident has a great and significant part of the country’s modern history.
It was built in a traditional style, with Japanese garden landscaping and ponds, arched bridges, walking paths, pavilion and amphitheater. This makes a favorite spot for meeting and hanging out for those seeking peace from the busy city life. Before the advent of dating apps, the place is also a favorite spot of the LGBT community. The government has since installed a rainbow landscape blooming of different colors symbolizing the LGBT rights.
The park is near the Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall, Presidential Office, Taiwan National Museum and other tourist spots, so it is recommended to stop by while in downtown Taipei.
After the end of World War II, the Japanese occupation of Taiwan had ended, with administrative control of the island being transferred to China, which at the time was ruled by the Republic of China government and Kuomintang party. The events of the Chinese Civil War led up to the KMT fleeing from the communists in mainland China in 1945 to re-establish the ROC government in Taipei City with the goal of regrouping and reclaiming the mainland of China. As Taiwan island (Formosa) was previously part of Japan, the KMT worked to remove Japanese influence from the island and promote pan-Chinese cultural values while limiting Hokkien-Taiwanese language and culture, and replaced most public offices and government procedure with the KMT while seizing monopoly control of the previous Japanese state-operated industries such as mining, sugar, tea, and tobacco.
Two years after the repatriation of Taiwan to the ROC, Taiwan Monopoly Bureau agents were sent to investigate illicit cigarette sales, assaulting the suspect in the process which escalated into a confrontation with locals. During their escape, agents fired into the crowd, killing one bystander. The next morning on 28 February, activists gathered outside the Governor-General’s Office demanding accountability for the events of the previous day. Security forces were present, and the scene quickly turned violent with several deaths. The public was distrusting of the KMT and presented a list of 32 Demands including greater autonomy for Taiwan Province (of the ROC), government transparency, and free elections. All over Taiwan, there were cases of rioting and violence against the KMT government and institutions, with some local militia fighting against the KMT army. For several weeks, the civilians were effectively in control of Taiwan until 8 March when more ROC army personnel arrived from Fujian Province to quell the rioting, after which the KMT ruled with an iron fist until 1987 to prevent social uprising and deter communist influence, a period now known as White Terror. Estimates range from 10,000 to 30,000+ casualties during the events surrounding the 2/28 Incident.
LANDMARKS AND MONUMENTS
- Monuments for the Victim of the White Terror
- Japanese Colonial Era Radio Station
- Jieshou Park
- Peace Bell
- 228 Peace Monument
- Dragon Pond
- Portal of Charity
- Antique Locomotives
- By MRT
The park is located outside of Red Line 2 NTU Hospital station (台大醫院), Exit 1 or 4.
- National Taiwan Museum
- Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
- Presidential Office Building
PART OF OUR TAIWAN GETAWAY
- NORTH COAST: Yehliu Geopark | Pingxi Sky Lantern | Shifen Waterfalls | Golden Waterfalls | Jiufen Old Street | Wanli Abandon UFO Houses
- TAIPEI: Ximendeng | Taipei 101 | Maokong Gondola | Elephant Mountain | Taipei Peace Park | Taipei Zoo | Chiang Kai Shek Memorial | Shilin Night Market | The Red House
- TAICHUNG: Zhongshe Flower Farm | Xinshe Castle | Rainbow Village | Gaomei Wetland Park