Seoul: Namdaemun (남대문) aka Sungnyemun (숭례문) or The Gate of Honoring Propriety
Namdaemun (Hangul: 남대문; Hanja: 南大門, South Great Gate), officially known as the Sungnyemun (Hangul: 숭례문; Hanja: 崇禮門, Gate of Honoring Propriety), is one of the Eight Gates in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon dynasty. The gate is located in Jung-gu between Seoul Station and Seoul Plaza, with the historic 24-hour Namdaemun market next to the gate.
The gate, dating back to the 14th century, is a historic pagoda-style gateway and is designated as the first National Treasure of South Korea. It was once one of the three major gateways through Seoul’s city walls which had a stone circuit of 18.2 kilometers (11.3 mi) and stood up to 6.1 meters (20 ft) high. It was first built in the last year of King Taejo of Joseon’s reign in 1398 and rebuilt in 1447.
In 2008, the wooden pagoda atop the gate was severely damaged by arson. Restoration work on the gateway started in February 2010 and was completed on 29 April 2013. The gate was reopened on 4 May 2013.
At approximately 8:50 p.m. on 10 February 2008, a fire broke out and severely damaged the wooden structure at the top of the Namdaemun gate. The fire roared out of control again after midnight and finally destroyed the structure, despite the efforts of more than 360 firefighters. Many witnesses reported seeing a suspicious man shortly before the fire, and two disposable lighters were found where the fire was believed to have started. A 69-year-old man identified as Chae Jong-gi was arrested on suspicion of arson and later confessed to the crime. A police captain reported that Chae had sprayed paint thinner on the floor of the structure and then set fire to it. Police say that Chae was upset about not being paid in full for the land he had sold to developers. The same man had been charged with setting a fire at Changgyeong Palace in Seoul in 2006.
Text Source: Wikipedia
- Entrance: Free
- Operating Hours: 09:00-18:00
40, Sejong-daero, Jung-gu, Seoul
- Contact Details
+82-2-1330 (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
www.junggu.seoul.kr (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese)
- Seoul Station (Seoul Subway Line 1, 4, Airport Line), Exit 4.
- City Hall Station (Seoul Subway Line 1, 2), Exit 8.
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